Patients with rheumatoid arthritis did not experience a greater prevalence of metabolic syndrome compared with controls, although the patients’ age and rheumatoid factor positivity were risk factors, according to recent study results.
Researchers in Argentina conducted a cross-sectional study between March 2010 and May 2011 of 409 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA; mean age, 55.5 years; 83% women) and 624 age- and sex-matched controls who all were diagnosed with osteoarthritis, musculoskeletal trauma, low back pain and fibromyalgia. All patients were followed up at nine rheumatology units. Analysis included Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP III) and International Diabetes Federation (IDF) definitions of metabolic syndrome (MS), major cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, including dyslipidemia, obesity, hypertension and diabetes. Descriptive statistics were used to examine the relationship between MS and demographic variables, clinical data and pharmacological treatment.Full Story »