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Depression, PTSD rates increase following nuclear disasters

July 31, 2015

Rates of depression and PTSD increased following the Chernobyl nuclear disaster and remain elevated, according to study findings in Lancet.

“[Four hundred thirty-seven] nuclear power plants are in operation at present around the world to meet increasing energy demands. Unfortunately, five major nuclear accidents have occurred in the past — ie, at Kyshtym (Russia [then USSR], 1957), Windscale Piles (UK, 1957), Three Mile Island (USA, 1979), Chernobyl (Ukraine [then USSR], 1986), and Fukushima (Japan, 2011),” Arifumi Hasegawa, MD, of the Fukushima Global Medical Science Center, and colleagues wrote. “The effects of these accidents on individuals and societies are diverse and enduring. Accumulated evidence about radiation health effects on atomic bomb survivors and other radiation-exposed people has formed the basis for national and international regulations about radiation protection. However, past experiences suggest that common issues were not necessarily physical health problems directly attributable to radiation exposure, but rather psychological and social effects.”

Amy S. Badura-Brack, PhD In the Journals

Attention control training reduces attention bias variability, improves PTSD symptoms

July 28, 2015
Attention control training balancing attention allocation between threat and neutral stimuli improved PTSD symptoms among two different study cohorts of veterans from…
In the Journals

Campus prevention initiatives targeting serial rapists overlook most offenders

July 23, 2015
A recent analysis of survey data found that most men who are at risk for committing rape during college are not serial rapists; therefore, prevention programs focusing…
Charles R. Marmar, MD In the Journals

PTSD significantly affects Vietnam War veterans more than 40 years after service

July 22, 2015
More than 40 years after the Vietnam War, approximately 271,000 Vietnam theater veterans have current PTSD in addition to subthreshold war-zone PTSD, and of these…
Feature Article

Pharmacotherapy for Aggression in Children and Adolescents

Psychiatric Annals, April 2010, Volume 40 Issue 4
Aggression is a behavior that is hardwired in individuals as part of the fight or flight response to a perceived…
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Psychiatry Case Consults

The Patient with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)

No commercial support for this activity.

This CME activity will focus on the diagnosis and management of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD).
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Meeting News Coverage Video
VIDEO: Physical, mental challenges of deployed female soldiers

VIDEO: Physical, mental challenges of deployed female soldiers

May 22, 2015
TORONTO — Elspeth "Cam" Ritchie, MD, MPH, a forensic psychiatrist and former chief clinical officer for the…
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Matthew J. Smith, PhD In the Journals

Virtual training improves job interview outcomes among veterans, patients with mental illness

July 2, 2015
Virtual reality job interview training increased the likelihood of receiving a job offer among patients and veterans with severe mental illness…
Hector Myers, PhD In the Journals

Research identifies predictors of mental health illness among blacks, Hispanics; develops screening tool

June 30, 2015
Two recently published studies identified specific environmental factors that predicted depression, anxiety and PTSD among low-income black and…
Jennifer Sumner In the Journals

Trauma, PTSD may be risk factors for cardiovascular disease among women

June 29, 2015
Data from the Nurses’ Health Study II indicate that female nurses who experienced trauma and elevated PTSD symptoms were more likely to develop…
David Finkelhor, PhD In the Journals

More than one-third of US youth experienced physical assault in last year

June 29, 2015
Results from the National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence published in JAMA Pediatrics suggest that more than one-third of children…
In the Journals

Physicians recommend elements to look for in suspected child physical abuse evaluations

June 24, 2015
A panel of child abuse pediatricians recently convened to establish guidelines on evaluation of suspected physical abuse among children presenting…
In the Journals

Cyberbullying linked to depression in adolescents

June 22, 2015
According to analysis of existing research, there is a consistent relationship between cyberbullying and depression; however, the relationship…
In the Journals

Research finds distinct brain patterns in patients with concussion-related depression, anxiety

June 16, 2015
Study findings presented in Radiology indicate distinct injury patterns within the brains of patients with concussion-related depression and anxiety…
Thomas Insel In the Journals

Algorithm more accurate than clinical assessment in identifying veterans at risk for suicide

June 12, 2015
A suicide-risk algorithm that used data from the Veterans Health Administration health system electronic medical records accurately identified…
Maritt Kirst, PhD In the Journals

Victims of IPV have higher social engagement, perceived neighborhood issues

June 11, 2015
Adults who participated in one or more community groups in the last year and had high perceived neighborhood problems were more likely to have…
In the Journals

Antidepressants, benzodiazepines increase risk for committing homicide

June 8, 2015
Use of painkillers and benzodiazepines significantly increased risk for committing homicide among individuals convicted of homicide, while…
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