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Trauma-focused CBT effective among orphans, vulnerable children in low-, middle-income countries

July 3, 2015

Cognitive behavioral therapy that focused on trauma and stress-related symptoms was effective among orphans and vulnerable children in Lusaka, Zambia, according to a randomized clinical trial.

“There are 15.1 million youth orphaned by AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa, with numbers predicted to increase. Orphans and vulnerable children experience multiple traumatic experiences, including abuse and exploitation, premature parental death, HIV infection and stigma, poor health care, poverty, reduced social support, and abbreviated childhood and education,” study researcher Laura K. Murray, PhD, of Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, and colleagues wrote in JAMA Pediatrics. “Given the association of childhood trauma with skill deficits and unhealthy decision making, as well as with long-term negative health outcomes, early and effective mental health intervention is critical to the care of [orphans and vulnerable children].”

Noam Sobel In the Journals

Sniff response may be a marker of autism spectrum disorder

July 2, 2015
Non-verbal tests that measure sniff response may be useful in identifying autism spectrum disorder, as recent study findings show children with autism do not adjust…
In the Journals

Obese teens found less likely to use oral contraceptives

July 1, 2015
Contraception, especially oral contraception, is significantly less likely to be used by obese adolescents, compared with adolescents of normal weight, according to…
Mark Olfson, MD, MPH In the Journals

Antipsychotics may be excessively, unnecessarily prescribed to adolescents

July 1, 2015
Results from a population-level, retrospective, observational study suggest that much of the antipsychotic use among children in the United States targets limited…
CME CME

Childhood Precursors to Psychopathy

Psychiatric Annals, April 2015, Volume 45 Issue 4
Because psychopathy is associated with a more sinister course of antisocial behavior among criminal offenders…
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CNE
JPN May 2015

Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services May 2015 CNE Activity

This activity is co-provided by Villanova University College of Nursing and SLACK Incorporated.

Topics include therapeutic doll play, military nurses’ reintegration, and synthetic cannabinoids.
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Meeting News Coverage Video
VIDEO: Managing anxiety disorders during the transition to adulthood

VIDEO: Managing anxiety disorders during the transition to adulthood

May 21, 2015
TORONTO — John T. Walkup, MD, a professor of psychiatry at Weill Cornell Medical College and New…
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Ragnhild Eek Brandlistuen, PhD In the Journals

Antidepressant exposure in utero may increase risk for anxiety in children

April 20, 2015
Maternal use of antidepressants during pregnancy was associated with increased anxiety in offspring, according to study findings in the…
Patricia Colton In the Journals

Eating disorders common, persistent among young females with type 1 diabetes

April 20, 2015
There is an increased risk for development of disturbed eating behavior or eating disorders among girls and women with type 1 diabetes, and the…
Thomas Frieden

Adolescent use of e-cigarettes has tripled over 1-year period

April 17, 2015
While the use of cigarette, cigar and other tobacco products has decreased among youths, the use of electronic cigarettes and hookahs have…
In the Journals

One-third of adolescent males with a history of sexual assault attempt suicide

April 17, 2015
Recent analyses of Youth Risk Behavior Surveys indicated that one-third of adolescent males who experienced sexual assault attempted suicide…
In the Journals

Adolescents with social anxiety disorder, addiction benefit from treatment using service participation

April 14, 2015
Recent study findings suggest that addiction treatment that uses service participation has significant benefits for adolescents with social anxiety…
In the Journals

Diabetes exposure in utero increases risk for ASD

April 14, 2015
Results from a large, multi-ethnic clinical study indicated an increased risk for autism spectrum disorders among children of mothers diagnosed with…
In the Journals

Adolescents who seek ED care for assault have increased risk for firearm violence

April 13, 2015
Adolescents with a 6-month history of drug use who seek ED care for assault have a higher risk for firearm violence vs. peers with similar drug use…
In the Journals

Medication use decreased risk for brain injury hospitalization among adolescents with ADHD

April 10, 2015
Using medication for ADHD did not significantly affect risk for hospitalization for injury among children with ADHD, though medication did have a…
Maria Nygren In the Journals

Serious childhood life events may triple risk for type 1 diabetes

April 10, 2015
Psychological stress during childhood may be a risk factor for type 1 diabetes, according to research in Diabetologia.In a population-based…
Wei Gao, PhD In the Journals

Prenatal drug exposure disrupts brain connectivity in infants, potentially affecting arousal regulation

April 9, 2015
Prenatal drug exposure disrupts connectivity within regions of the brain related to arousal regulation and cocaine specifically affected the amygdala…
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