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Trauma-focused CBT effective among orphans, vulnerable children in low-, middle-income countries

July 3, 2015

Cognitive behavioral therapy that focused on trauma and stress-related symptoms was effective among orphans and vulnerable children in Lusaka, Zambia, according to a randomized clinical trial.

“There are 15.1 million youth orphaned by AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa, with numbers predicted to increase. Orphans and vulnerable children experience multiple traumatic experiences, including abuse and exploitation, premature parental death, HIV infection and stigma, poor health care, poverty, reduced social support, and abbreviated childhood and education,” study researcher Laura K. Murray, PhD, of Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, and colleagues wrote in JAMA Pediatrics. “Given the association of childhood trauma with skill deficits and unhealthy decision making, as well as with long-term negative health outcomes, early and effective mental health intervention is critical to the care of [orphans and vulnerable children].”

Noam Sobel In the Journals

Sniff response may be a marker of autism spectrum disorder

July 2, 2015
Non-verbal tests that measure sniff response may be useful in identifying autism spectrum disorder, as recent study findings show children with autism do not adjust…
In the Journals

Obese teens found less likely to use oral contraceptives

July 1, 2015
Contraception, especially oral contraception, is significantly less likely to be used by obese adolescents, compared with adolescents of normal weight, according to…
Mark Olfson, MD, MPH In the Journals

Antipsychotics may be excessively, unnecessarily prescribed to adolescents

July 1, 2015
Results from a population-level, retrospective, observational study suggest that much of the antipsychotic use among children in the United States targets limited…
CME Article CME

Determination of ADHD vs. Autism Spectrum Disorder

Psychiatric Annals, August 2012, Volume 42 Issue 8
1. Recognize that symptoms of inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity (attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder…
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Journal of Psychosocial Nursing

Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services July 2014 CNE Activity

This activity is co-provided by Villanova University College of Nursing and SLACK Incorporated.

Topics include parents’ experiences with child’s admission to acute care, diet restrictions and atypical antipsychotic…
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Meeting News Coverage Video
VIDEO: Managing anxiety disorders during the transition to adulthood

VIDEO: Managing anxiety disorders during the transition to adulthood

May 21, 2015
TORONTO — John T. Walkup, MD, a professor of psychiatry at Weill Cornell Medical College and New…
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In the Journals

Genetic effects on irritability increase with age among males, not females

May 4, 2015
The genetic effects on irritability increase as adolescent males age, but they decrease with age among adolescent females, according to study…
Linda Teplin, PhD In the Journals

Most psychiatric disorders do not increase risk for violence

May 1, 2015
In a longitudinal study of adolescents from a juvenile detention center, psychiatric disorders were not predictors of future violence, except for…
Thalia Eley, PhD In the Journals

Researchers observe environmental link between parental, child anxiety

May 1, 2015
The association between parental and offspring anxiety is significantly environmental and independent of genetic confounds, according to study…
Corey J. Rood, MD

Researchers find sexting, sexualized online activity significantly prevalent among sexually abused adolescents

April 30, 2015
SAN DIEGO — Study findings presented here at the Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting suggest sexual texting, online sexual…
Dieter Wolke, PhD Meeting News Coverage

Bullying increases risk for depression, anxiety in late adolescence

April 29, 2015
SAN DIEGO — Being bullied by peers has similar or worse long-term effects on mental health as being maltreated by adults, according to data…
Meeting News Coverage

Supportive family ties decrease risk for violence among adolescent males

April 27, 2015
SAN DIEGO — Adolescent males who reported having supportive family relationships were significantly less likely to be associated with violence…
Yaron Finkelstein, MD Meeting News Coverage

Deliberate self-poisoning during adolescence a significant predictor of suicide

April 27, 2015
SAN DIEGO — Results from a population-based study presented at the Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting indicated that presentation to…
Lisa Shulman, MD Meeting News Coverage

Cognitive, behavioral impairment persists after ASD resolves

April 26, 2015
SAN DIEGO — When an early autism spectrum disorders diagnosis resolves, in which the child no longer meets the diagnostic criteria, there are…
In the Journals

Family history, MMR vaccine status do not affect autism occurrence

April 22, 2015
Receipt of measles-mumps-rubella vaccine was not associated with increased risk for autism spectrum disorders, regardless of whether older siblings…
In the Journals

Training parents may reduce aggressive, disruptive behavior of children with ADHD

April 22, 2015
Teaching behavior management techniques to parents reduced aggressive and serious disruptive behavior among children with ADHD receiving stimulant…
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