Pediatrics

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Executive dysfunction occurs in most psychiatric disorders among youth

February 11, 2016

Recent findings indicated overall psychopathology was associated with both abnormal patterns of activation and failure to activate executive regions in youth with various psychiatric disorders.

“Many studies have investigated the neural basis of executive impairments in individual psychiatric disorders. Working memory is one of the most commonly studied components of executive function,” Sheila Shanmugan, BA, of Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, and colleagues wrote. “Taken together, these studies suggest there likely are overlapping effects across disorders, with hypoactivation of the executive system being a common underlying brain phenotype. However, evidence also exists for dissociable abnormalities among psychiatric disorders.”

In the Journals

Negative symptoms, anxiety common in youth with higher genetic risk for schizophrenia

February 11, 2016
Schizophrenia polygenic risk scores indicated broad negative symptoms but not isolated psychotic symptoms, according to recent findings. “Genetic advances now…
In the Journals

No link between primary care mental health screening, depression in children, adolescents

February 9, 2016
Researchers from the University of North Carolina and RTI International found no evidence of a direct link between screening children and adolescents for major…
In the Journals

USPSTF recommends screening adolescents for depression

February 9, 2016
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force has issued an update to its recommendations for the screening of depression in children and adolescents.The B grade…
CME

Autism Spectrum Disorder: An Update

Psychiatric Annals, January 2016, Volume 46 Issue 1
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by early-onset socialization and communication difficulties associated…
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CNE

Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services May 2015 CNE Activity

This activity is co-provided by Villanova University College of Nursing and SLACK Incorporated.

Topics include therapeutic doll play, military nurses’ reintegration, and synthetic cannabinoids.
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In the Journals

Socioeconomic variables affect parent-reported ADHD prevalence differently among ethnic groups

December 8, 2015
Analysis of national study data show an increase in parent-reported prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder from 2003 to 2011, and…

Mylan releases generic Adderall tablets in US

December 2, 2015
Mylan recently announced the U.S. launch of dextroamphetamine saccharate, amphetamine aspartate, dextroamphetamine sulfate and amphetamine sulfate…
In the Journals

Bullying involvement predicts eating disorder symptoms

December 1, 2015
Analysis of prospective, population-based data indicated bullying involvement predicted eating disorder symptoms among both the victims and the…
In the Journals

Pet dogs may lower odds for childhood anxiety

November 30, 2015
Having a pet dog in the home was associated with a decreased likelihood of childhood anxiety, according to findings in Preventing Chronic
In the Journals

Researchers find inadequate evidence of methylphenidate efficacy for ADHD

November 27, 2015
A recent Cochrane Review indicated methylphenidate may improve teacher-reported attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms, teacher-reported…
In the Journals

Stimulants worsen sleep outcomes among youth with ADHD

November 23, 2015
Results from a meta-analysis show stimulant medication led to longer sleep latency, worse sleep efficiency and shorter sleep duration among youth…
In the Journals

Older maternal age may be associated with greater depression, anxiety, stress in offspring

November 20, 2015
Recent findings show maternal age of 35 years and older was associated with increased symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress among young adult…

NIMH increases efforts for human brain tissue collection, distribution for autism research

November 19, 2015
The NIMH has signed an agreement with the Foundation Associates LLC to establish a nationwide effort for the collection, storage and distribution of…
In the Journals

Medicaid-, CHIP-insured children utilize more preventive care than privately insured children

November 19, 2015
Recent research in JAMA Pediatrics found that preventive medical and dental care visits were more prevalent among children insured by Medicaid and…
In the Journals

Postnatal exposure to SSRIs, benzodiazepines may adversely affect infant neurobehavior

November 17, 2015
Developmental trajectories of neurobehavior during the first postnatal month significantly varied among infants exposed to maternal depression…
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