Pediatrics

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Poverty linked to reduced brain development in children

July 29, 2015

Children from families living below the federal poverty level are at risk for reduced development of gray matter in the frontal and temporal lobes, according to recent study data.

“The novel evidence presented in this study seems to suggest that one component linking parental socioeconomic status to children’s achievement and human capital more broadly operates through a neurobiological mechanism,” Nicole L. Hair, PhD, of the department of health management and policy at the University of Michigan, and colleagues wrote. “Our work suggests that specific brain structures tied to processes critical for learning and educational functioning are vulnerable to the environmental circumstances of poverty, such as stress, limited stimulation, and nutrition.”

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Teens medically prescribed marijuana more likely to report addiction

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High school seniors using marijuana for medical reasons were 10 times more likely to report addiction to the drug than peers who obtain marijuana illegally, according to…
Dieter Wolke, PhD In the Journals

Premature infants more likely to be socially withdrawn as adults

July 28, 2015
Infants in Germany who are born at very low birth weights or are very premature are more likely to be socially withdrawn, neurotic and exhibit signs of autism later in…
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CME Article CME

Determination of ADHD vs. Autism Spectrum Disorder

Psychiatric Annals, August 2012, Volume 42 Issue 8
1. Recognize that symptoms of inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity (attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder…
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CNE
Journal of Psychosocial Nursing

Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services July 2014 CNE Activity

This activity is co-provided by Villanova University College of Nursing and SLACK Incorporated.

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Meeting News Coverage Video
VIDEO: Managing anxiety disorders during the transition to adulthood

VIDEO: Managing anxiety disorders during the transition to adulthood

May 21, 2015
TORONTO — John T. Walkup, MD, a professor of psychiatry at Weill Cornell Medical College and New…
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JPN80

Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services July 2015 CNE Activity

July 9, 2015 Expires: 6/30/2018
Topics include LGBT health disparities, improving employment outcomes in assertive community treatment, and a pilot program to address service gaps…
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Exposure to medical marijuana ads increases adolescent intent to use, use of marijuana

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Adolescents exposed to medical marijuana advertising were two times more likely to use or report intentions of using marijuana than adolescents no…
Ann C. Childress, MD In the Journals

Evekeo safe, effective for ADHD among children in classroom setting

July 9, 2015
Amphetamine sulfate was effective and well-tolerated among children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, with an effect onset of 45 minutes…
In the Journals

Nonpharmacological interventions for ADHD beneficial in school setting

July 7, 2015
Although gaps in standardized interventions warrant further research, nonpharmacological interventions showed positive outcomes for…
In the Journals

Trauma-focused CBT effective among orphans, vulnerable children in low-, middle-income countries

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Cognitive behavioral therapy that focused on trauma and stress-related symptoms was effective among orphans and vulnerable children in Lusaka…
Noam Sobel In the Journals

Sniff response may be a marker of autism spectrum disorder

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In the Journals

Obese teens found less likely to use oral contraceptives

July 1, 2015
Contraception, especially oral contraception, is significantly less likely to be used by obese adolescents, compared with adolescents of normal…
Mark Olfson, MD, MPH In the Journals

Antipsychotics may be excessively, unnecessarily prescribed to adolescents

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Results from a population-level, retrospective, observational study suggest that much of the antipsychotic use among children in the United States…
David Finkelhor, PhD In the Journals

More than one-third of US youth experienced physical assault in last year

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Decreased brain response to reward anticipation may be a predictor of adolescent depression

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