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Trauma-focused CBT effective among orphans, vulnerable children in low-, middle-income countries

July 3, 2015

Cognitive behavioral therapy that focused on trauma and stress-related symptoms was effective among orphans and vulnerable children in Lusaka, Zambia, according to a randomized clinical trial.

“There are 15.1 million youth orphaned by AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa, with numbers predicted to increase. Orphans and vulnerable children experience multiple traumatic experiences, including abuse and exploitation, premature parental death, HIV infection and stigma, poor health care, poverty, reduced social support, and abbreviated childhood and education,” study researcher Laura K. Murray, PhD, of Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, and colleagues wrote in JAMA Pediatrics. “Given the association of childhood trauma with skill deficits and unhealthy decision making, as well as with long-term negative health outcomes, early and effective mental health intervention is critical to the care of [orphans and vulnerable children].”

Noam Sobel In the Journals

Sniff response may be a marker of autism spectrum disorder

July 2, 2015
Non-verbal tests that measure sniff response may be useful in identifying autism spectrum disorder, as recent study findings show children with autism do not adjust…
In the Journals

Obese teens found less likely to use oral contraceptives

July 1, 2015
Contraception, especially oral contraception, is significantly less likely to be used by obese adolescents, compared with adolescents of normal weight, according to…
Mark Olfson, MD, MPH In the Journals

Antipsychotics may be excessively, unnecessarily prescribed to adolescents

July 1, 2015
Results from a population-level, retrospective, observational study suggest that much of the antipsychotic use among children in the United States targets limited…
CME Article CME

Determination of ADHD vs. Autism Spectrum Disorder

Psychiatric Annals, August 2012, Volume 42 Issue 8
1. Recognize that symptoms of inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity (attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder…
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CNE
Journal of Psychosocial Nursing

Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services July 2014 CNE Activity

This activity is co-provided by Villanova University College of Nursing and SLACK Incorporated.

Topics include parents’ experiences with child’s admission to acute care, diet restrictions and atypical antipsychotic…
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Meeting News Coverage Video
VIDEO: Managing anxiety disorders during the transition to adulthood

VIDEO: Managing anxiety disorders during the transition to adulthood

May 21, 2015
TORONTO — John T. Walkup, MD, a professor of psychiatry at Weill Cornell Medical College and New…
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Kimberly Mitchell, PhD In the Journals

Experiencing two types of bullying more emotionally harmful than in-person, online only

June 15, 2015
Children who experienced two types of harassment, in-person and online, reported greater emotional harm compared with children who experienced…
Joanna Maselko In the Journals

Perinatal depression intervention did not provide long-term improvement among offspring

June 12, 2015
The Thinking Healthy Programme, a perinatal depression intervention, did not have long-term effects on children of mothers who received the…
Tadeus Arthur Hartanto, BS In the Journals

Excessive movement may increase attention, alertness among children with ADHD

June 12, 2015
Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder may exhibit excessive movement during cognitive performance in an effort to increase alertness…
Neil D. Woodward, PhD In the Journals

Brain connectivity analyses have implications for future ASD interventions

June 10, 2015
Results from two studies using functional MRI to examine brain connectivity among individuals with autism spectrum disorder offer new understandings…
Tom Frieden, MD, MPH

Report shows high rates of sexual violence against children, low rates of victims’ services

June 8, 2015
Nearly a quarter of children have been the victim of sexual violence, across seven countries, but only a small number of victims received any health…
In the Journals

Adolescents who drink heavily have faster decreases in brain volume

June 8, 2015
Adolescents who drink heavily experience accelerated typical volume decreases in frontal and temporal cortical volumes of the brain, as well as…
In the Journals

High GH levels lead to cognitive deficits in children born very preterm

June 3, 2015
In children born very preterm, higher levels of growth hormone in early infancy may be partly responsible for cognitive deficits seen in these…
In the Journals

Bullied teens at increased risk for depression as adults

June 2, 2015
Adolescent peer-victimization significantly increased the risk for developing depression by adulthood, according to recent study data.“There…

Heroin use higher in 2013 vs. 2002, remains lower than other drug use

June 1, 2015
According to data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, heroin addiction trends have not improved in the United States within the past…
In the Journals

Childhood parasomnias increase risk for psychotic experiences in early adulthood

May 28, 2015
Persistent childhood nightmares and night terrors were associated with increased risk for psychotic experiences at age 18 years, according to study…
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