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Exercise before school day may reduce ADHD symptom severity

September 17, 2014

Physical activity may reduce symptom severity and moodiness and improve peer functioning among children at risk for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in the home and school domain, according to study findings in the Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology.

Betsy Hoza, PhD, of the department of psychological science at University of Vermont, and colleagues randomly assigned 94 children considered at risk for ADHD and 108 typically developing children to participate in a physical activity or sedentary classroom intervention for 31 minutes per day, each school day, for 12 weeks. Children were aged 4 to 9 years. The physical activity intervention consisted of continuous activity that required children to breathe hard or expend energy in a moderate to vigorous range. Children in the sedentary classroom intervention engaged in classroom-based art projects while remaining sedentary. Both interventions occurred before school started each day. Parents and teachers reported ADHD symptom severity before and after intervention. They also assessed children’s moodiness and peer functioning, reporting any problematic peer behavior.

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Bullied children more likely to develop parasomnias

September 16, 2014
Children who are bullied have an increased risk for parasomnias, including nightmares, night terrors and sleepwalking, according to study findings in…
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Family dinners could protect adolescents from cyberbullying

September 11, 2014
The effects of cyberbullying among children could be reduced by sharing regular family meals, according to recent study findings published in JAMA Pediatrics.“One…
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Sibling bullying increased risk for depression, self-harm in young adults

September 9, 2014
Children who were bullied by siblings were significantly more likely to experience depression, anxiety and self-harm by early adulthood compared with children who were…
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An Interview with Thomas R. Insel, MD

Psychiatric Annals, September 2012, Volume 42 Issue 9
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November 2011: Treatment of Child and Adolescent Mental Health

With a shortage of pediatric mental health specialists, care for affected children increasingly falls to the primary…
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Weighted blankets did not improve sleep among children with ASD

July 15, 2014
Weighted blankets did not improve sleep duration, falling asleep faster or waking less often among children with autism spectrum disorder, according…
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Bipolar disorder affects brains of children, adults differently

July 14, 2014
Greater activation in the right amygdala is more common among bipolar children, compared with adults, when viewing emotional faces, according to…
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Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services July 2014 CNE Activity

July 1, 2014 Expires: 6/30/2016
Topics include parents’ experiences with child’s admission to acute care, diet restrictions and atypical antipsychotic agents, and alcohol…
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Children in dysfunctional families less able to cope with parents’ cancer diagnosis

July 10, 2014
Among children of cancer patients, general family dysfunction prior to diagnosis appears to be highly predictive of emotional distress and…
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Brain function, personality, life events predict adolescent binge drinking

July 8, 2014
Brain function, personality and life events can help predict which adolescents will become binge drinkers, according to recent study findings…
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Stressful experiences in childhood may affect brain structure

July 7, 2014
Early life stress can change developing parts of a child’s brain that cause a long-lasting negative effect, according to recent study findings…
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Relapse risk decreased with pediatric antidepressant treatment plus CBT

July 7, 2014
Long-term success of treatment for children and adolescents with depression treated with medication can be improved with the addition of cognitive…
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Concurrent antipsychotic, psychotropic use common among Medicaid-enrolled children

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New data suggest an increase in concurrent, or combination, prescribing of second-generation antipsychotics with other psychotropic medications among…
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Low blood lead levels in children linked to behavioral problems

July 3, 2014
New data published in JAMA Pediatrics suggest that even low blood lead levels in children can cause emotional and behavioral problems. Jianghong
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Drug use risk increased among adolescents with authoritarian parents

June 27, 2014
Adolescents with authoritarian or neglectful parents are more likely to use drugs and alcohol compared with adolescents with authoritative or…
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