Pediatrics

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Unhealthy diet during pregnancy linked to ADHD symptoms in youth

August 30, 2016

Avoiding an unhealthy diet while pregnant may reduce the risk for ADHD symptoms in early-onset persistent youth, due to lower DNA methylation of the insulin-like growth factor 2 gene in the offspring, according to data published in the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.

“Children with an early-onset and persistent pattern of [conduct problems] represent a particular at-risk group, as they often show the highest rates of ADHD, as well as the greatest levels of psychosocial risk exposures in pregnancy (eg, poverty, maternal anxiety) and the early postnatal years (eg, harsh parenting, family discordance),” Jolien Rijlaarsdam, MS, of the Centre for Child and Family Studies, Leiden University, in the Netherlands, and colleagues wrote. “One prenatal risk that is a correlate of these psychosocial risks, yet has received far less attention, is diet. ‘Unhealthy diet’ (eg, high fat/sugar) is of particular interest as it has been reported to associate with both [conduct problems] and ADHD.”

In the Journals

Substance abuse, smoking more common in youth with mood disorders

August 30, 2016
Adolescents with bipolar disorder, particularly those with comorbid conduct disorder, were significantly more likely to smoke cigarettes and have substance use disorder…
In the Journals

Prenatal BPA exposure may increase risk for anxiety, depression in boys

August 26, 2016
Greater prenatal exposure to Bisphenol A was associated with more depression and anxiety symptoms in boys aged 10 to 12 years but not girls, according to recent…
In the Journals

Metformin effective for weight gain associated with atypical antipsychotic use in children

August 24, 2016
Metformin significantly improved BMI and weight outcomes among children and adolescents who experienced weight gain associated with atypical antipsychotic use for autism…
CME

Childhood Precursors to Psychopathy

Psychiatric Annals, April 2015, Volume 45 Issue 4
Because psychopathy is associated with a more sinister course of antisocial behavior among criminal offenders…
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CME

Child and Adolescent Psychiatry: January 2016

Keck School of Medicine of USC and Psychiatric Annals

“A person’s a person, no matter how small,” wrote Dr. Seuss in Horton Hears a Who!
In the mystery of…
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APA 2016

APA 2016

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VIDEO: How to accurately diagnose, treat conversion disorder in youth

April 6, 2016
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NIDA grant to explore mindfulness therapy for prevention of drug abuse relapse

August 8, 2016
The National Institute on Drug Abuse recently granted $100,000 to Jordan Davis, MSW, a doctoral student in social work at the University of…

In the Journals

Combination therapy more effective than monotherapy for ADHD

August 8, 2016
A combination of d-methylphenidate and guanfacine was more effective for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder than either treatment alone…

In the Journals

Sports participation in adolescence may reduce risk for opioid, heroin use

August 5, 2016
From 1997 to 2014, nonmedical prescription opioid and heroin use declined among adolescents engaged in sports and exercise, suggesting that sports…

In the Journals

Methylphenidate affects dopaminergic system in children, not adults

August 5, 2016
Recent findings indicated treatment with methylphenidate for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder significantly affected the dopaminergic system…

CNE

Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services August 2016 CNE Activity

August 3, 2016 Expires: 7/31/2019
Topics include mental health of twins, nonpharmacological interventions for anxiety, and electroconvulsive therapy for depression.

This activity is co-provided by Villanova University College of Nursing and SLACK Incorporated.

In the Journals

Weight gain associated with some, not all second-generation antipsychotics for ASD

August 3, 2016
Recent findings indicated significant weight gain associated with risperidone, aripiprazole and olanzapine but not ziprasidone or quetiapine among…

Tris Pharma launches online resource for clinicians prescribing ADHD treatment

August 2, 2016
Tris Pharma Inc. recently announced the launch of a new website for health care professionals prescribing Dyanavel XR, extended-release oral…

NIMH study to explore associations between poor childhood sleep, risk for mood disorders

August 1, 2016
The NIMH is funding a study that will explore how inadequate sleep in childhood affects risk for emotional disorders later in life. “In…

In the Journals

Reduced neural response may be useful screening target for adolescent depression

July 25, 2016
Reduced reward positivity predicted first-onset depressive disorder among adolescent girls, suggesting blunted neural response may be an important…

Young adults with mental illness less likely to receive mental health care

July 25, 2016
Recent findings suggest that approximately two-thirds of young adults with any mental illness do not receive necessary mental health care. “It…

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