May 28, 2015
Respiratory viruses and pathogenic bacteria figured significantly in the development of acute otitis media, irrespective of HIV status, in South African children, according to study results.
“Acute otitis media causes significant morbidity in children and is the most common reason for outpatient antibiotic therapy,” Shabir A. Madhi, PhD, MBBCh, of the Respiratory and Meningeal Pathogens Research Unit at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa, and colleagues wrote. “Children with HIV are known to be at greater risk for bacterial and viral infections, including AOM. There are limited data from developing countries on the etiology of uncomplicated AOM and generally limited global data on the association of respiratory viral bacterial coinfections in AOM.”