April 25, 2015
SAN DIEGO —Among children hospitalized for acute respiratory infections, using real-time PCR testing increased the number of isolation days but reduced antibiotic treatment and use of chest x-rays, according to data presented here.
To assess the impact of real-time PCR testing on isolation days and resource utilization, Anupama Subramony, MD, of Columbia University Medical Center, and colleagues reviewed data for children aged 0 to 18 years hospitalized with acute respiratory infections who underwent respiratory diagnostic testing. Researchers compared isolation days, prescribed antibiotic doses and utilization of chest x-rays prior to (June 2010 to May 2012) and following (June 2012 to May 2014) implementation of real-time PCR testing. There were 1,831 patients in the pre-implementation study period and 1,926 patients in the post-implementation study period.