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Use of PCR among children with acute respiratory infections may reduce resource utilization

Use of PCR among children with acute respiratory infections may reduce resource utilization
April 25, 2015

SAN DIEGO —Among children hospitalized for acute respiratory infections, using real-time PCR testing increased the number of isolation days but reduced antibiotic treatment and use of chest x-rays, according to data presented here.

To assess the impact of real-time PCR testing on isolation days and resource utilization, Anupama Subramony, MD, of Columbia University Medical Center, and colleagues reviewed data for children aged 0 to 18 years hospitalized with acute respiratory infections who underwent respiratory diagnostic testing. Researchers compared isolation days, prescribed antibiotic doses and utilization of chest x-rays prior to (June 2010 to May 2012) and following (June 2012 to May 2014) implementation of real-time PCR testing. There were 1,831 patients in the pre-implementation study period and 1,926 patients in the post-implementation study period.

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