Pediatrics

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Smear-negative youth screened for TB reveal low risk of transmission in schools

February 21, 2017

Researchers in Italy found that the Mycoplasma tuberculosis transmission rate in school settings from smear-negative index cases were very low, particularly in those aged younger than 5 years, according to findings published in The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal.

“It is known that children with tuberculosis are less contagious than adults … but few data are available in literature about the M. tuberculosis transmission rate when the index case is a child,” Paola Piccini, MD, from the department of health sciences at the University of Florence, Anne Meyer Children’s University Hospital in Italy, and colleagues wrote. “The aim of the present study was to evaluate the risk of M. tuberculosis transmission from pediatric index cases with active pulmonary TB to school pupils.”

Meeting News

Challenges remain in progressing PrEP interest to uptake among young black MSM

February 21, 2017
SEATTLE —Despite a high level of interest in pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PrEP, among young black men who have sex with men, researchers reported that PrEP uptake…
In the Journals Plus

Infant antibiotic use associated with obesity at age 2 years

February 21, 2017
Infants exposed to antibiotics in the first 6 months of life were more likely to develop obesity by age 2 years vs. infants not exposed to antibiotics, according to a…
In the Journals

Studies on mass deworming efforts for children in developing countries prove unreliable

February 21, 2017
New research reports flaws in the methods and analysis of three studies widely cited for their findings on the long-term effectiveness of mass deworming programs in
In the Journals PlusPerspective

B. cepacia outbreak yields pointers for multi-institutional response

February 21, 2017
A 2016 outbreak of Burkholderia cepacia has left clinicians with lessons on an effective response, including sharing information among facilities and the value of a…
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Original Article

The Incidence of Reoperation and Related Risk Factors Among Patients With Infantile Exotropia

Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, January/February 2017, Volume 54 Issue 1
To determine the incidence and related risk factors of reoperation among patients with infantile exotropia who were…
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CME

Operation Immunization 2016: Enhancing HPV Immunization

This activity is supported by an educational grant from Merck & Co., Inc.

During the last decade, several new vaccines, including the meningococcal conjugate (MCV4), tetanus, diphtheria…
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VIDEO: Glaser comments on the possible repeal of the ACA under Trump’s administration

January 16, 2017
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