Vaccine-Preventable Diseases

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Smear-negative youth screened for TB reveal low risk of transmission in schools

February 21, 2017

Researchers in Italy found that the Mycoplasma tuberculosis transmission rate in school settings from smear-negative index cases were very low, particularly in those aged younger than 5 years, according to findings published in The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal.

“It is known that children with tuberculosis are less contagious than adults … but few data are available in literature about the M. tuberculosis transmission rate when the index case is a child,” Paola Piccini, MD, from the department of health sciences at the University of Florence, Anne Meyer Children’s University Hospital in Italy, and colleagues wrote. “The aim of the present study was to evaluate the risk of M. tuberculosis transmission from pediatric index cases with active pulmonary TB to school pupils.”

In the Journals

Men-C-Con vaccine more economical vs. Men-4-Con vaccine in Quebec

February 20, 2017
Monovalent C meningococcal conjugate vaccine was a more economical option compared with a quadrivalent ACWY vaccine due to low epidemiologic factors for disease risk…
Eye on ID

‘Anti-vaxxers’: A menace to public health

Infectious Disease News, February 2017
Marjorie P. Pollack, MD; Donald Kaye, MD, MACP
Vaccines have been a wonderful addition to the medical armamentarium and have made major inroads in reducing morbidity and mortality due to infectious diseases. They…
In the JournalsPerspective

Canadian pediatricians should be wary of TB among Aboriginal children

February 15, 2017
Pediatricians in Canada should consider tuberculosis disease in children with epidemiologic risk factors and suggestive symptoms or signs of organ involvement…
CME

Identifying and Addressing Vaccine Hesitancy

Pediatric Annals, April 2015, Volume 44 Issue 4
In the 20th century, the introduction of multiple vaccines significantly reduced childhood morbidity, mortality, and…
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CME

Operation Immunization 2016: Enhancing HPV Immunization

This activity is supported by an educational grant from Merck & Co., Inc.

During the last decade, several new vaccines, including the meningococcal conjugate (MCV4), tetanus, diphtheria…
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Maternal immunization confers needed infant protection against influenza, pertussis

November 20, 2016
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In the Journals

MMR vaccine, improved diagnostics reduce meningitis admissions in UK

September 14, 2016
Mumps vaccination, PCR testing for specific viruses and more sensitive clinical management techniques significantly reduced hospital admission rates…

Perspective

Global survey reveals Europeans most skeptical about vaccine safety

September 13, 2016
There is wide variability between countries and across world regions in public sentiment about vaccine safety, but people in Europe are the most…

In the Journals

Mortality risk greater for children hospitalized with influenza B vs. influenza A

September 13, 2016
Although morbidity rates for children hospitalized with influenza A and B infections were similar, those with influenza B had twice the risk for…

In the Journals

AAP: Pediatricians should engage, educate vaccine-hesitant parents

September 8, 2016
The AAP’s Committee on Infectious Diseases and Committee on Practice and Ambulatory Medicine recently released a clinical report that supported…

In the Journals

Teen vaccination coverage greater in 'blue' states vs. 'red' states

September 7, 2016
Adolescent immunization coverage in the United States is dependent on an individual’s state of residence due to social, religious, economic and…

In the JournalsPerspective

AAP publishes updates for seasonal influenza vaccination

September 6, 2016
The AAP’s Committee on Infectious Diseases recommends all persons aged 6 months and older receive an annual seasonal influenza vaccination…

In the JournalsPerspective

AAP issues meningococcal B vaccine guidelines for adolescents

August 31, 2016
Trumenba and Bexsero have both been approved for the prevention of serogroup B meningococcal disease in individuals aged 10 through 25 years by the…

In the Journals

IgG levels among preterm infants contingent on Prevnar 13 schedules

August 30, 2016
A reduced primary schedule for the Prevnar 13 vaccine yielded higher post-booster immunoglobulin G concentrations in premature babies, but the best…

In the Journals

AAP recommends elimination of nonmedical immunization exemptions for school, day care

August 29, 2016
The AAP’s committees on practice and ambulatory medicine, infectious diseases and state government affairs recently released a policy statement…

In the Journals

RotaTeq reduces RV gastroenteritis hospitalizations in Finnish children

August 23, 2016
Since the advent of universal RotaTeq vaccination in Finland in 2009, data have indicated a 90% reduction in pediatric hospitalizations for rotavirus…

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