Children with HIV have an increased risk for hospitalization with invasive pneumococcal disease or varicella zoster compared with children who do not have HIV, according to study findings in The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal.
Helen Payne, MBChB, BSc, MRCPCH, of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Unit at St. George’s Healthcare NHS Trust in London, and colleagues assessed hospitalizations reported to the Collaborative HIV Paediatric Study, a multi-center observational cohort study of all children with HIV who receive pediatric care in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Hospital admissions with a primary cause of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD), varicella zoster, or all-cause lower respiratory infections between January 1996 and December 2011 were evaluated. Children were aged 18 years and younger.
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