Vaccine-Preventable Diseases

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Inexpensive, oral bovine rotavirus vaccine effective for children

Inexpensive, oral bovine rotavirus vaccine effective for children
March 28, 2017

Three doses of a live, low-cost and heat-stable oral bovine rotavirus pentavalent vaccine could prevent cases of severe rotavirus gastroenteritis in 66.7% of children in Niger, according to a recent study published in The New England Journal of Medicine.

“Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest rate of death associated with rotavirus disease, but vaccination on a large scale presents challenges,” Sheila Isanaka, ScD, assistant professor of nutrition within the department of global health and population, T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Harvard University, and colleagues wrote. “Current prices of the two licensed vaccines [used by WHO] are probably unsustainable without external subsidies. In addition, the global supply of the vaccines is constrained, and unreliable transportation and storage systems make delivery of vaccines that require refrigeration difficult.”

CDC: incidence of influenza-like illnesses, deaths remain elevated in US

March 28, 2017
Despite a decrease in influenza activity in the United States, the number of outpatient visits and deaths attributed to pneumonia and influenza remain high, according to…

NIH investigates single vaccine to protect against several mosquito-borne viruses

March 27, 2017
With mosquito-borne illnesses posing an ongoing public health threat around the world, there is a significant need for advances in combating and controlling mosquito…
In the Journals

Parental perceptions about influenza vaccine inhibit uptake

March 24, 2017
The way in which the childhood influenza vaccine is perceived has a strong connection with uptake, intended uptake and opinion of side effects, according to a recent
CME

One More Shot for the Road: A Review and Update of Vaccinations for Pediatric International Travelers

Pediatric Annals, April 2015, Volume 44 Issue 4
Increasing numbers of children are traveling to developing countries where they are often at a higher risk than adults…
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CME

Vaccines: April 2015

Keck School of Medicine of USC and Pediatric Annals

Vaccine refusal and hesitancy to vaccinate has been a growing problem in the past 2-3 decades. Perhaps victims of our…
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American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Annual Meeting

American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Annual Meeting

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Meeting News Coverage

Despite measures, infection control in daycare centers remains daunting

November 25, 2015
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WHO reports record-low number of polio cases in Pakistan

January 5, 2017
Cases of wild poliovirus hit a record-low in Pakistan last year, according to WHO. As of Dec. 21, WHO reported 19 confirmed cases of wild poliovirus…

In the Journals Plus

Researchers observe waning influenza vaccine effectiveness

January 4, 2017
During a recent 4-year period, researchers observed a monthly decrease in protection of the influenza vaccine, including up to 11% per month for one…

In the Journals

Announcements increased HPV vaccine uptake in preteens vs. conversations

January 3, 2017
Pediatricians trained to use presumptive announcements vs. participatory conversation or no training for vaccination campaigns increased HPV…

Perspective

Arkansas reports more than 2,300 mumps cases in ongoing outbreak

December 30, 2016
The largest mumps outbreak ever recorded in Arkansas has surpassed 2,300 cases, but there are signs it is slowing down, according to state health…

In the Journals

Maternal influenza vaccination does not increase risk for childhood morbidity

December 30, 2016
Data published in JAMA Pediatrics suggested maternal influenza A(H1N1) vaccination is not associated with an increased risk for early childhood…

In the Journals

Japanese encephalitis vaccination yields high protection rates in at-risk toddlers

December 29, 2016
Live-attenuated Japanese encephalitis vaccine provided seroprotection for up to 5 years against Japanese encephalitis wild-type virus after…

In the Journals

Despite reductions in childhood mortality, infectious diseases, childbirth carry significant risk

December 27, 2016
Although child mortality decreased between 2000 and 2015, efforts to reach a two-thirds reduction based on the Millennium Development Goal target…

European Commission expands indication of Nimenrix for infants with meningococcal disease

December 20, 2016
The European Commission has approved an expanded indication for the meningococcal vaccine, Nimenrix, for the prevention of Neisseria meningitidis

In the Journals Plus

Antivirals address threat to polio eradication

December 20, 2016
Researchers found that treatment with pocapavir was safe and accelerated virus clearance in immunodeficient individuals who excrete vaccine-derived…

CDC reports influenza vaccine coverage too low

December 15, 2016
The CDC recently reported that only 40% of people in the United States are currently vaccinated against influenza. “We are glad to see that…

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