Up to 20 years after children in Taiwan started getting
routine vaccines against hepatitis B, there is a continued trend toward reduced
hepatitis B virus-associated membranous nephropathy, according to research
Min-Tser Liao, MD, of the department of
pediatrics, Taoyuan Armed Forces General Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan, and other
researchers examined data from 471 children who had been hospitalized with
nephrotic syndrome and 488 long-term follow-up hepatitis B surface
The researchers said the prevalence of hepatitis B
virus-associated membranous nephropathy in children with [nephrotic
syndrome] was 11.6% between 1974 and 1984; 4.5% between 1984 and 1994; 2.1%
between 1994 and 2004; and 0% between 2004 and 2009.
The researchers said the number of children who were
seropositive with hepatitis B surface antigen also decreased after universal
The vaccine produced a profound decline in
hepatitis B virus infection via a reduction in horizontal transmission as well
as a significant decrease in the overall incidence of hepatitis B
virus-associated membranous nephropathy, which is closely related to hepatitis
B horizontal infection, they wrote.
The researchers said their data follow other data that
have shown a decrease in the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma prevalence
in the population after the implementation of the universal hepatitis V
vaccination program in Taiwan.
Disclosure: The researchers report no relevant financial