Milk, peanut allergies increase children’s risk for severe allergic reactions

SAN DIEGO — Children with milk or peanut allergies are more likely to experience severe allergic reactions, according to data presented at the 2014 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Annual Meeting.

Angela Tsuang, MD, of the Mount Sinai School of Medicine, and colleagues followed for 2 years 126 children with a diagnosed food allergy.

Overall, 38% of study participants had an allergic reaction during the trial period. Most reactions were caused by milk (39%), peanuts (16%), eggs (8.2%) and tree nuts (6%). Researchers found that children who were exposed to milk were more likely to experience an allergic reaction. Severe allergic reactions (44%) were associated with milk and peanuts. Ingestion caused 83% of reactions, but the amount eaten did not result in a difference of reaction severity.

The researchers also noted that three of four study children enrolled in the study were exercising prior to an allergic reaction.

Tsuang and colleagues concluded: “Milk or peanut allergy is associated with increased odds of having an allergic reaction and caused more severe reactions. The amount and form of food was not associated with severity of reaction.”

For more information:

Tsuang A. Abstract 72. Presented at: AAAAI 2014; Feb. 28-March 4, 2014; San Diego.

Disclosure: Tsuang reports no relevant financial disclosures.

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