PCP prophylaxis recommended for HIV-exposed infants in resource-limited settings

  • April 22, 2014

Precise, timely testing for HIV can safely spare most HIV-exposed infants from needing pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia prophylaxis, but universal prophylaxis should be maintained in resource-limited settings, according to researchers.

P. jirovecii is a small, single-celled fungus most likely spread through airborne transmission and animals. Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) occurs in hosts with impaired immune systems, reproducing in high numbers in the alveolae and smaller airways.

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