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Mortality declined among extremely premature infants

January 28, 2015

The rates of overall mortality decreased among extremely premature infants from 2000 through 2011, specifically infant deaths ascribed to bronchopulmonary dysplasia and respiratory distress syndrome or deaths complicated by infection or central nervous system injury.

“Approximately one in four extremely premature infants born at 22 to 28 weeks of gestation does not survive the birth hospitalization; mortality rates decrease with each additional week of completed gestation,” researcher Ravi M. Patel, MD, MSc, assistant professor of pediatrics at Emory University School of Medicine and Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta, and colleagues wrote. “Historically, most extremely premature infants died within a few days after birth.”

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