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Agricultural antibiotic misuse may reduce efficacy of pediatric medicine

December 1, 2015

Unnecessary overuse and misuse of antibiotics in animal feed designed to promote growth and increase feed efficiency has the potential to reduce the effectiveness of antibiotics in children and pose a serious threat to global public health, according to a technical report released by the AAP’s Council on Environmental Health and Committee on Infectious Diseases.

“The use of antimicrobial agents in agriculture can harm public health, including child health, through the promotion of resistance,” Jerome A. Paulson, MD, FAAP, professor of pediatrics at George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, and colleagues wrote. “Because of the link between antibiotic use in food-producing animals and the occurrence of antibiotic-resistant infections in humans, antibiotic agents should be used in food-producing animals only to treat and control infectious diseases and not to promote growth or to prevent disease routinely.”

Meeting News Coverage

Measles, other infectious diseases likely to return without vaccine adherence

November 30, 2015
NEW YORK — Without continued vaccination efforts, infectious diseases such as measles, are likely to return to the United States and become serious public health…
FDA News

FDA approves rosuvastatin for use in youth aged 8 to 17 with HeFH

November 30, 2015
AstraZeneca announced that the FDA has approved rosuvastatin to reduce total cholesterol, LDL and apolipoprotein B in pediatric patients aged 8 to 17 years with…
In the Journals

Probiotic does not prevent GI complications, death in preterm infants

November 30, 2015
A phase 3 randomized controlled trial showed no benefit of the probiotic Bifidobacterium breve BBG-001 for preventing necrotizing enterocolitis, late-onset sepsis and…

Recent deaths, microcephaly cases in Brazil linked to Zika virus infection

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Brazil’s ministry of health linked two deaths and an unusual increase in the number of cases of microcephaly to Zika virus infection, according to a press release…
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Early-Life Exposure to Antibiotics, Alterations in the Intestinal Microbiome, and Risk of Metabolic Disease in Children and Adults

Pediatric Annals, November 2015, Volume 44 Issue 11
The intestinal microbiome is a complex ecosystem of microorganisms that colonize the human gastrointestinal tract. The…
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Common Symptoms, but Rare Diagnoses in Neonatology: October 2015

Keck School of Medicine of USC and Pediatric Annals

The old adage “When you hear hoof beats, think horses” is often used in medical education. Yet, there are…
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Meeting News Coverage Video

Despite measures, infection control in daycare centers remains daunting

November 25, 2015
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