Primary open-angle glaucoma is most prevalent among older non-Hispanic white women, but Hispanic men may be most at risk in the coming decades, a study found. This suggests the need for more screening programs in states with high numbers of non-Hispanic white women and Hispanic men.
The cross-sectional study looked at current prevalence of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) from selected population-based studies and combined that information with U.S. Census Bureau estimates and projections from 2011 to 2050.
About 2.71 million Americans have POAG, which is estimated to increase by 28% per decade to 7.32 million in 2050, according to the study.
In 2050, the study authors estimated that almost one-third of people between the ages of 70 and 79 years will have POAG, as will half of women and half of Hispanics.
“In 2050, the highest POAG estimates will remain in California, Texas, Florida and the South,” the study authors said. “The West will join the South among the regions with the highest per capita burden of POAG. Based on this forecast, screening programs for POAG are likely to have the highest yield by targeting these states and regions that have highest per capita burden.”