Original Article 

Using Training Needs Assessment to Develop a Nurse Preceptor–Centered Training Program

Ya-Wen Lee, RN, PhD; Hui-Ling Lin, RN, MS; Hui-Ling Tseng, RN, MS; Yu-Mei Tsai, RN, MS; Jane Lee-Hsieh, RN, MSN

Abstract

Background:

Studies reveal that most nurse preceptor preparation programs do not meet nurse preceptors' training needs. This study thus developed a nurse preceptor–centered training program (NPCTP) in Taiwan.

Method:

The ADDIE model was used for the instructional design. On the basis of the nurse preceptors' training needs assessment, the research team developed the NPCTP. Content was adopted from the authentic experiences of preceptors and new graduate nurses (NGNs) using interview data to make 81 videos with computer avatars and 10 live actor films. Each course was taught as nine instructional events. The NPCTP was evaluated using reflection quizzes, preceptors' self-evaluations, NGNs' evaluations, and focus group interviews.

Results:

The NPCTP enhanced preceptors' clinical teaching behaviors and had a positive influence on NGNs. The NGN evaluation was even better than the preceptors' self-evaluation.

Conclusion:

This article provides the what and how for an NPCTP in Taiwan.

J Contin Nurs Educ. 2017;48(5):220–229.

Authors

Dr. Lee is Supervisor, Department of Nursing, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua; Ms. Lin is Supervisor, Department of Nursing, Linkou Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou; Ms. Tseng is Head Nurse, Department of Nursing, Ditmanson Medical Foundation Chia-Yi Christian Hospital, Chia-Yi; Ms. Tsai is Head Nurse, Department of Nursing, Mackay Memorial Hospital; and Ms. Lee-Hsieh is Professor, Graduate Institute of Allied Health Education, National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences, Taipei, Taiwan.

This study was supported by the Taiwan Ministry of Science and Technology through grant MOST 102-2511-S-227-001-MY3.

The authors have disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise.

The authors thank all participants for their assistance and openness.

Address correspondence to Jane Lee-Hsieh, RN, MSN, Professor, Graduate Institute of Allied Health Education, National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences, 365 Ming-te Rd., Peitou District, Taipei 11219, Taiwan, R.O.C.; e-mail: hsiehjane@ntunhs.edu.tw.

Received: August 15, 2016
Accepted: November 10, 2016

10.3928/00220124-20170418-07

Background:

Studies reveal that most nurse preceptor preparation programs do not meet nurse preceptors' training needs. This study thus developed a nurse preceptor–centered training program (NPCTP) in Taiwan.

Method:

The ADDIE model was used for the instructional design. On the basis of the nurse preceptors' training needs assessment, the research team developed the NPCTP. Content was adopted from the authentic experiences of preceptors and new graduate nurses (NGNs) using interview data to make 81 videos with computer avatars and 10 live actor films. Each course was taught as nine instructional events. The NPCTP was evaluated using reflection quizzes, preceptors' self-evaluations, NGNs' evaluations, and focus group interviews.

Results:

The NPCTP enhanced preceptors' clinical teaching behaviors and had a positive influence on NGNs. The NGN evaluation was even better than the preceptors' self-evaluation.

Conclusion:

This article provides the what and how for an NPCTP in Taiwan.

J Contin Nurs Educ. 2017;48(5):220–229.

Dr. Lee is Supervisor, Department of Nursing, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua; Ms. Lin is Supervisor, Department of Nursing, Linkou Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou; Ms. Tseng is Head Nurse, Department of Nursing, Ditmanson Medical Foundation Chia-Yi Christian Hospital, Chia-Yi; Ms. Tsai is Head Nurse, Department of Nursing, Mackay Memorial Hospital; and Ms. Lee-Hsieh is Professor, Graduate Institute of Allied Health Education, National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences, Taipei, Taiwan.

This study was supported by the Taiwan Ministry of Science and Technology through grant MOST 102-2511-S-227-001-MY3.

The authors have disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise.

The authors thank all participants for their assistance and openness.

Address correspondence to Jane Lee-Hsieh, RN, MSN, Professor, Graduate Institute of Allied Health Education, National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences, 365 Ming-te Rd., Peitou District, Taipei 11219, Taiwan, R.O.C.; e-mail: hsiehjane@ntunhs.edu.tw.

Received: August 15, 2016
Accepted: November 10, 2016
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