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Children acquire tooth decay bacteria from multiple sources

Children acquire tooth decay bacteria from multiple sources
June 27, 2016

BOSTON — Children acquire Streptococcus mutans, a bacterium that can cause tooth decay, from sources outside their families and within their families other than their mothers, according to data presented at ASM Microbe 2016.

“While the prevailing theory on S. mutans transmission suggests mother-to-child transmission as the primary route of infection, in this study 40% of children shared no strains with their mothers,” Stephanie S. Momeni, MS, MBA, a doctoral candidate in the biology department at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, said in a press release. “Of the children that did not share strains with any household members, 33% were found to have only one isolate, indicating these strains to be rare or transient.”

In the Journals

Early rhinovirus, aeroallergen sensitization linked to asthma persistence in adolescence

June 24, 2016
Rhinovirus and aeroallergen sensitization during early childhood remained risk factors for the persistence of asthma into adolescence, study data suggest…
In the Journals

RSV most common pathogen associated with pneumonia in South African children

June 23, 2016
Recent data published in The Lancet Respiratory Medicine showed that respiratory syncytial virus was the most commonly detected pathogen associated with pneumonia among…

ACIP recommends that LAIV should not be used

June 23, 2016
In a reversal of its recommendation last year, the CDC Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices has voted to approve an update for the 2016-2017 season stating that…

The Patient with Diarrhea

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Intestinal infections with Clostridium difficile, a spore-forming gram-positive anaerobic bacillus, are among the most…
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GI Bookshelf

Chapter 10: Colonic Stenting

From Core Concepts in Colonoscopy
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Zika Resource Center

Zika Resource Center

Meeting News Coverage

VIDEO: William Schaffner, MD, discusses ACVR highlights

April 20, 2016
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In the Journals

Two-dose varicella vaccine more effective than one dose

March 28, 2016
Recent findings published in Pediatrics suggested that the two-dose varicella vaccine was more effective than the single-dose vaccine. “During…

In the Journals

High prevalence of antibiotic resistance seen in pediatric UTIs

March 24, 2016
A meta-analysis of nearly 78,000 cases of pediatric urinary tract infections caused by Escherichia coli in 26 countries showed a high prevalence of…

In the Journals

HPV vaccine effective for low-income minority females

March 24, 2016
Recent findings published in JAMA Pediatrics indicated that the quadrivalent HPV vaccine was effective for low-income, high-risk minority females…

In the Journals

Tamiflu use rises in Colorado pediatric hospital after 2009 pandemic

March 23, 2016
Recent findings published in Hospital Pediatrics showed that the use of the antiviral drug Tamiflu continued to rise among hospitalized children…

Cases of scarlet fever increase dramatically throughout England

March 22, 2016
Cases of scarlet fever among children in England have increased to the highest levels observed since the 1960s, while the reason for re-emergence of…

In the Journals

Intentional vaccine avoidance causes most measles cases

March 22, 2016
The majority of measles and pertussis cases during outbreaks with comprehensive vaccine data were a result of intentional vaccine refusal, according…

In the Journals

Risk for secondary infections increases for rare pathogen-specific neonatal BSI

March 21, 2016
Secondary bloodstream infections caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Serratia spp. were more common among very preterm infants when another infant…

App guides pregnant women on infections, vaccinations

March 20, 2016
Researchers at Imperial College London and Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust developed a mobile application that educates pregnant women and new…

In the JournalsPerspective

Expert opinions on measles-specific vaccine exemptions vary widely

March 18, 2016
While conventional approaches to mandating vaccine compliance have focused on broadly eliminating all nonmedical vaccine exemptions for school…

In the Journals

Zika link to microcephaly, other birth defects strengthens

March 17, 2016
Zika virus appears to be associated with additional birth defects aside from microcephaly, including fetal death, placental insufficiency, fetal…

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