Advanced age did not impact the efficacy of triple therapy with pegylated interferon, ribavirin and telaprevir among patients with hepatitis C genotype 1b in a recent study.
In a prospective study, researchers evaluated 120 patients with chronic hepatitis C genotype 1b, including 64 participants aged older than 60 years. All patients received peginterferon alfa-2b, ribavirin and telaprevir for 12 weeks, then 12 weeks of peginterferon and ribavirin. During prior therapy 53.3% of participants had relapsed, 22.5% were treatment-naive, 20.8% were prior nonresponders and 3.3% had an unknown prior response.
Undetectable HCV RNA (rapid virological response) was observed at 4 weeks in 73.4% of older patients and 73.2% of patients aged younger than 60 years. Sustained virological response at 24 weeks post-treatment occurred similarly between groups: 76.6% of older patients vs. 83.9% of younger patients (P=.314 for difference). Investigators said SVR was more common among all patients with the IL28B TT allele (89.4% of older and 91.9% of younger patients vs. 41.2% and 68.4% among those without; P<.05 for both comparisons).
Multivariate analysis indicated associations between SVR and RVR (OR=7.498; 95% CI, 1.014-65.42) and IL28B TT genotype (OR=14.93; 95% CI, 1.6-142.9), as well as prior nonresponse (OR=8.403; 95% CI, 1.025-66.667), among older patients. Independent associations with RVR and TT genotype also were noted among younger patients.
Treatment discontinuation for adverse events occurred in 12.5% of all cases. Hemoglobin decreases for levels of 100 g/L or more were observed in 41.1% of younger and 9.4% of older patients; between 85 g/L and 100 g/L in 25% and 40.6%, and less than 85 g/L was present in 33.9% and 50% of younger and older patients, respectively (P=.0006).
“This study shows there is no impact by age on the virological outcome of TVR-based triple therapy for HCV genotype 1b chronic hepatitis C,” the researchers concluded. “We found that older patients achieve a better virological outcome by TVR-based triple therapy than with the traditional dual therapy. IL28B genotyping and EVR indicate the potential to achieve an SVR in these difficult-to-treat older patients.”
Disclosure: The researchers report no relevant financial disclosures.