December 26, 2014
Young adult injection drug users showed a decreased incidence rate for hepatitis C virus infection after undergoing maintenance opioid agonist treatment, according to study data.
Researchers, including Judith I. Tsui, MD, MPH, of the department of medicine at Boston University School of Medicine, conducted an observational cohort study with 552 injection drug users from San Francisco negative for anti-HCV antibody or HCV RNA between 2000 and August 2013. All of the patients were younger than 30 years and underwent HCV testing and reported any substance use treatment every 3 months. Options for treatment for substance use reported by the patients included non-opioid agonist methods, opioid agonist methods, detoxification or maintenance therapy, or no treatment at all.