Infectious Disease

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Agricultural antibiotic misuse may reduce efficacy of pediatric medicine

December 1, 2015

Unnecessary overuse and misuse of antibiotics in animal feed designed to promote growth and increase feed efficiency has the potential to reduce the effectiveness of antibiotics in children and pose a serious threat to global public health, according to a technical report released by the AAP’s Council on Environmental Health and Committee on Infectious Diseases.

“The use of antimicrobial agents in agriculture can harm public health, including child health, through the promotion of resistance,” Jerome A. Paulson, MD, FAAP, professor of pediatrics at George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, and colleagues wrote. “Because of the link between antibiotic use in food-producing animals and the occurrence of antibiotic-resistant infections in humans, antibiotic agents should be used in food-producing animals only to treat and control infectious diseases and not to promote growth or to prevent disease routinely.”

In the Journals

Chinese surveillance detects transmissible colistin resistance gene in livestock, humans

December 1, 2015
Enterobacteriaceae carrying a gene conferring transmissible polymyxin resistance have been identified and isolated from Chinese livestock and hospitalized patients…
Meeting News Coverage

Measles, other infectious diseases likely to return without vaccine adherence

November 30, 2015
NEW YORK — Without continued vaccination efforts, infectious diseases such as measles, are likely to return to the United States and become serious public health…

Recent deaths, microcephaly cases in Brazil linked to Zika virus infection

November 30, 2015
Brazil’s ministry of health linked two deaths and an unusual increase in the number of cases of microcephaly to Zika virus infection, according to a press release…

Multistate E. coli outbreak linked to Costco rotisserie chicken salad

November 30, 2015
Nineteen cases of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection, including five hospitalizations, are possibly linked to a celery and onion diced blend used…
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The Patient with HIV Infection

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The selection of the initial regimen is critical in that it is usually the longest duration regimen that a patient will…
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Meeting News Coverage Video

Despite measures, infection control in daycare centers remains daunting

November 25, 2015
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The Patient with Norovirus Infection

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Norovirus is highly contagious, highly persistent and often remains present after disinfection. This educational…
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