October 23, 2014
After a 15-year period of decreased incidence of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Israel, a recent resurgence of the disease appears to have occurred in the southern, central and northern parts of the country, according to recent findings.
In the study, researchers evaluated surveillance data on cutaneous leishmaniasis conducted by the Israeli Ministry of Health. A computerized notification system compiled information on cases, with reports generated for 15 regional health districts across Israel. The researchers assessed all cases of recent onset cutaneous leishmaniasis from January 2001 to December 2012. Reviewed cases only included the civilian population, not the Israeli military. The researchers used annual population estimates to arrive at the denominators used to calculate crude and specific incidence rates per 100,000 persons based on age, population group and district.