October 26, 2016
Adults who drink at least two sugar-sweetened or artificially sweetened beverages per day may have doubled their risk for developing latent autoimmune diabetes or type 2 diabetes, according to results from a population-based, case-control study in Sweden.
“These findings add support to the accumulating evidence suggesting that high intake of sweetened beverages, both sugar-sweetened and artificially sweetened, is a potential risk factor for type 2 diabetes,” Josefin Edwall Löfvenborg, MSc, a nutritionist and doctoral researcher at the Institute of Environmental Medicine at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, and colleagues wrote. “Importantly, these findings indicate that the adverse health effects seen with high sweetened beverage intake also encompass autoimmune forms of diabetes. The excess risk seems not to be fully explained by caloric intake or BMI, opening up for other explanations possibly including direct adverse effects of sweetened beverages on glucose homeostasis and insulin sensitivity.”