May 25, 2016
Postmenopausal women who live in highly walkable locations are less likely to have abdominal obesity than women living in less walkable areas, with walking expenditure partially explaining the association, recent study findings show.
In a cross-sectional analysis, Urshila Sriram, MSPH, of the division of nutritional sciences at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, and colleagues analyzed data from 6,526 postmenopausal women participating in the Women’s Health Initiative Long Life study (2012-2013) and Street Smart Walk Scores for each participant’s address, collected in 2012 (mean age, 79 years). Street Smart Walk Score measures the walkability of a given location based on its distance to schools, retail, food, recreation and entertainment. Researchers used Walk Scores to classify participants into one of five categories: very car-dependent, car-dependent, somewhat walkable, very walkable and walker’s paradise (daily errands do not require a car). Walking expenditure and total physical activity were assessed using the WHI physical activity questionnaire.