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Patients with Sjögren’s syndrome likely to have higher CVD risk, lower BMD

April 21, 2015

Patients with primary Sjögren’s syndrome were as likely to have comorbidities such as subclinical atherosclerosis and lower bone mineral density as patients with rheumatoid arthritis and more likely to be at risk than healthy individuals, according to recently published study data.

Researchers studied 64 consecutive patients with primary Sjögren’s syndrome (SS), 77 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and 60 healthy individuals at the General Hospital of Athens, Greece. Participants were examined and demographic data, clinical features, treatment methods and risk factors for atherosclerosis and osteoporosis were gathered. Patients with SS were assessed for symptoms including presence of oral and ocular dryness, dry cough, arthritis, Raynaud’s phenomenon, pulmonary involvement pleuritic, pericarditis, renal or hepatic involvement and other potential manifestations of the disease, and the Sjögren’s syndrome Disease Activity Index was calculated. Demographics between the three groups were similar.

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